Вызывная частота Омска и Омской области 145.500МГц.
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КСВ метр с цветным дисплеем 3.2

Эта версия цифровой части КСВ метра является продолжением первого варианта на STM8S003K3T6 и имеет некоторые отличия от меньшего брата. КСВ метр выполнен на микроконтроллере STM32F103VCT6 который работает с тактовой частотой 72МГц. Дисплей на контроллере ILI9341 c 16-ти битной шиной работает по FSMC и это обеспечивает нужную производительность для обработки и вывода информации на цветной 3,2" дисплей с разрешением 480х320 точек. Кнопкой на плате дисплея можно переключать пределы измерения мощности LOW и HIGH, максимальный поддиапазон до 2000 Вт. Поддиапазоны выбираются в сервисном меню, а именно: 150-500, 150-750, 150-1000, 150-1500 и 150-2000 Вт. Чтобы попасть в сервисное меню нужно удерживая кнопку переключения поддиапазонов подать питание на плату, прозвучит длинный сигнал низкого тона подтверждающий вход в сервисное меню. Навигация по меню проста и не требует особых пояснений. Кнопкой выбираем нужный нам поддиапазон и для сохранения данных просто выключаем питание устройства. В КСВ метре есть звуковая сигнализация повышенного КСВ. При КСВ>3 звучит постоянный сигнал высокой тональности, но как только КСВ<3 сигнал отключается. Также имеется звуковое сопровождение нажатия на кнопку. Для отключения звука нужно удерживать кнопку до длинного сигнала низкого тона. Отключение/включение звукового сопровождения также сигнализирует соответствующий значок(динамик) в левом верхнем углу на дисплее, зеленый - звук включен и красный - звук отключен. Все настройки хранятся в энергонезависимой памяти EEPROM 24С02 и сохраняются при отключении питания КСВ метра.

Подробное описание на странице сайта Александра UR4QBP.

4-Band OCF Antenna 40, 20, 10, and 6 meters

4-Band OCF Antenna 40, 20, 10, and 6 meters

 

 

4-Band antennas cover 40, 20, 10, and 6 meters, with no tuner required! 12 meters may also work on the 4-Band 300 watt model. The 4-Band antennas are OCF (off-center-fed), with a 23 foot leg and a 45 foot leg, totaling 68 feet.

4-300

About the Buckmaster OCF Dipole

  • In production since early 2004
  • No tuner or counterpoise required, uses just one wire!
  • Quickly switch bands and eliminate a tuner as one more thing to adjust or transport. Eliminate send/receive tuner loss.
  • Due to the fact that one wire leg of the antenna is shorter than the other, the OCF is more convenient to erect than a regular center fed dipole. Less coax is required.
  • We have used an antenna electrically equivalent to this for over 7 years with outstanding results.
  • Short wave listeners will love this antenna because of its low noise reception.
  • Check the SWR always BEFORE using with any antenna tuner (we don’t recommend anantenna tuner). It only takes overheating the Ferrite in the balun one time to change its characteristics.
  • The dipole is constructed using top quality, flexible, tinned, 12 gauge, 65 strand, PVC coated copper wire pictured below. **The 7-Band 100 Watt antenna uses 14 gauge 38 strand wire of similar quality.
  • No trimming – fully assembled, complete and ready to go with end insulators and crimped center and end connections. Add your 50 Ohm coaxial feed line, suspension rope (see our OCF Antenna Support Rope) and go.
  • No external hardware to loosen or corrode.
  • Bands, power, height and other identification are clearly and permanently engraved on the exterior of the center insulator. Operation outside those bands are at your own risk and can likely overheat the balun! We inscribe the antenna with the bands and maximum wattage (in any mode) it can handle.
  • Problems of RF on the exterior (common-mode feed line currents) of the coaxial feed line have not been experienced and are seldom reported with this antenna. RF problems are generally due to coupling to house wiring, guy wires, downspouts, etc. Any resonant length of metal can rob signal from any antenna by coupling to it, so study your environment and keep the antenna away from anything metallic. The balun also functions to reduce noise received on the outside of the coax feed line from making its way to the antenna (and your receiver) so you can better hear weak signals.
  • Integral PVC moisture drip ring shields and protects coaxial connection (not present on 100 Watt version due to space considerations.)
  • The 300 to 50 Ohm (6:1) balun (also sometimes called an auto-transformer), is sealed in permanent black epoxy potting compound for moisture and corrosion free operation and is internally crimped and hard soldered to a beryllium copper silvered pin, Teflon barrel, SO-239 coaxial connector. Your PL-259 and coax go here (see photo below).

7-band300-balun-bottom2-s

  • One-piece silvered SO-239 connector with beryllium copper pin, and drip ring
  • Heavy duty stainless 1/4 inch center threaded, cemented with lock nut eyebolt supports the off center insulator for years of trouble free service. The off center insulator has a special drip collar to protect the SO-239 coaxial connector, yet lets moisture evaporate.
  • Complete with permanently sealed white PVC off center weatherproof insulator containing the potted balun and crimped on gray end insulators. Suspension rope andcoaxial feed line not included, see our OCF Antenna Support RopeStainless Steel Pulleys, and Line Grips.

7-band300-end-250

Installation Information

  • Installation Instruction Sheet: Word DOC   Adobe PDF. These are the instructions that ship with the antennas.
  • Usually works best as an “inverted-V.” Erecting at least 30 feet above ground is recommended. Each end can droop up to 30 degrees from horizontal, 180-(2*30)=120 degrees total is ideal, but anything from 120 to 180 degrees should work well. Ends should be 8 feet or more from the ground for safety reasons.
  • Small lot? With the legs at a 120 degree angle as viewed from the side and depending on how you secure the ends, the 4-Band antennas need at least 60 feet of ground space from end-to-end. The 7-Band antennas need at least 120 feet of ground space end-to-end. 8-Band antennas need 239 feed of ground space end-to-end.
  • Higher is not always better. If the center is mounted too high off a tower it is very hard to get a 120 degree angle, so mount it lower

BuckmasterOCFInstallDiagram

  • If you don’t have anything to hang the center from, consider using a ‘messenger line’ between two supports (trees, etc.) consisting of a run of good quality, UV protected rope with a pulley at one support. Tie the OCF balun along this line in a spot that works for you (and will allow the balun to be reached from the ground) and run the coax away at a ninety degree angle (as possible). This takes tension off of the antenna legs and the pulley at one support makes it easy to take things down for service or inspection (be sure the rope is long enough). Also be sure to make allowances for support trees swaying in the wind by using a weighted gallon milk jug or two and a pulley to handle the movement of the tree supports.
  • We recommend using rope and a pulley to hang the center balun, so the antenna can be easily lowered for access to connectors etc.
  • Coupling to nearby metallic objects and the mineralization of the underlying soil can impact performance and impedance of an OCF antenna system. The impedance can also vary as antenna orientation is changed in relationship to earth. The OCF is generally very forgiving.
  • The balun will test as a short when testing using a DC Ohm meter and will test correctly at RF frequencies when erected and using an antenna analyzer. So use an analyzer or your transceiver’s SWR meter at reduced power.
  • Route coaxial feed line to the shack by running it down to the ground (not tied to a metallic structure or tower) and away from the antenna at a 90 degree angle as possible. The length of the feed line is not critical as the coax is NOT part of the radiating antenna. Shorter is usually better.
  • Use good quality 50 Ohm coaxial cable with appropriate power rating such as: RG58, RG8X, RG8, RG213, Belden 9913F7, Davis RF Bury-Flex. A coax with a dense (or double) braid is worth the money. Don’t lose that weak signal in the coax!
  • Verify your coax and connectors (switches, etc) by temporarily installing a 50 Ohm dummy load instead of the OCF and checking SWR from the transceiver end.
  • ALWAYS physically disconnect the OCF coax from equipment and securely ground both conductors when you are finished operating. Better to lose an antenna to lightning rather than a transceiver!

Многодиапазонная антенна КВ 3.5-28мгц - W3DZZ Trap Dipole

W3DZZ

I've never been a fan of the 'commercial' G5RV, I think they're a lazy solution made for lazy people who can't be bothered to learn anything about antennas. Harsh maybe, but that's nothing compared to my friend Brian's G(M)0FQQ opinion of the antenna and those using them. 

All joking aside you can do a lot better and my candidate for the task is the W3DZZ Trap Dipole. This has the advantage of not needing any kind of Antenna Matching unit for 80m and 40m and is an ideal companion for those with beams for 20m-10m. However if you don't have a beam they are still resonant on the pre WARC bands and will work using a ATU found in most modern rigs.

I put together one together for Dave MM3DHL and described it in Practical Wireless.

The article can be downloaded by clicking below:- http://www.qsl.net/gm0onx/GM0ONX%20trap%20dipole.pdf
I also build one for the Kilmarnock and Loudoun Amateur Radio station which was fitted with the a ferrite choke described on the website by clicking on the photo below:- http://www.qsl.net/gm0onx/balun.htm

Thanks once again to PW for their kind permission to reproduce the article. http://www.qsl.net/gm0onx/dipole.htm



Антенна пирамида


Стремление получить универсальную, многодиапазонную антенну привело к модернизации «Пирамиды».

Как известно «Пирамида» является разновидностью петлевого вибратора или одной из распространенных свернутых рамочных антенн. Разместив соответствующим образом 4-х режекторных фильтров «трапов» получаем многодиапазонную антенну «Пирамида». С указанными размерами и параметрами «трапов» антенна работает от 10 до 80 метрового диапазонов (см. Рис. 1 и Рис. 2). Изготовление «трапов» не приводится.

Многодиапазонная антенна пирамида
Рис. 1

Подробнее: Антенна пирамида

Усовершенствование активной комнатной антенны КВ диапазона.

Приемная антенна имеет неплохие харак­теристики, но не защищена от так назы­ваемых синфазных помех (они прони­кают на вход усилителя РЧ и вместе с полезным сигналом попадают на вход приемника). Для борьбы с ними исполь­зуют дифференциальные усилители. Заменив таким усилителем применен­ный в названной конструкции усилитель на одном полевом транзисторе, можно значительно снизить ее чувствитель­ность к синфазным помехам и тем улуч­шить качество приема.

Активная антенна:

Схема предлагаемого варианта ак­тивной антенны показана на рис. 1.


Подробнее: Усовершенствование активной комнатной антенны КВ диапазона

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